There are many types of pesticides available in the market to control crop pests for higher quality and higher production. All these pesticides protect our crops from pests but the crops produced from their consumption are very harmful to the human body.Fruits, vegetables, oilseeds, beans, peppers grown with such pesticides are very harmful.
So how do we control pests or insects in our crops? Is there any other way to control the organisms that are destroying this crop? The answer to this question can be found according to our organic farming method and we have to make a concerted effort so that it is used to the maximum and people get pure and excellent quality agricultural produce.
Total use of pesticides in general Since 90 to 95% of the consumption is in agriculture. Significance depends on the size of the problem.
The main enemy of the peasant friends was found in various crops.There are diseases and pests 80% of crops are destroyed. Suckers, whiteflies, droughts and viral diseases. Usually causes crop failure Some even when grain is stored Insects and rodents cause damage
Factors that directly or indirectly affect crop production. Accurately and effectively The use of pesticides is essential for prevention.
By using pesticides indiscriminately Deficits are likely to contain residues. Which has a detrimental effect on the health of the consumer. In addition to its export of export oriented farm products Reaches the opposite effect. Of pesticides in general Insufficient time between sprinkling and harvesting, Use and requirement of pesticides without recommendation Deficit in excessive amounts and frequent use Substances are likely to contain pesticide residues.
In order to protect our crops, it is very important to first identify the pests and insects that cause damage. When are these pests more common? How does the damage? This is very important to know as it is very important to take precautionary measures to protect your crop from such pests especially at the time when the crop is beginning to germinate.
Residues of pesticides in crops
The question of pesticide residues is now spicy.Crops like cumin and fennel are more common.This results in stagnation of exports and also in consumption in the domestic market due to increased consumer awareness.Decreases may be noted. The second is vegetable crops is coming. Including pesticides in some types of vegetables.Remains questions are more prevalent.
Of vegetables Apply pesticides only after weeding Should. Dudhi, Turiya, Galka, Karela and some others Vegetables in which the top can be peeled Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice Should be removed. Vegetables and fruits Insecticides in crops Determining the intervening period (waiting period) Vegetables and before the waiting period Deficiencies due to not peeling or weaving fruits The question of pesticide residues does not remain. Of vegetables Rinse it well with clean water before use Should be washed.In doing so the outside of the vegetables.The amount of pesticides on the surface is reduced.Washing vegetables with water reduces residue Proportion especially vegetables with rough surface.There are more than smooth surface vegetables.
Some types of fruits or vegetables, after using the pesticide, do not go away completely even if we clean it in any way, such as cauliflower because its composition is such that the pesticide liquid is inside it.
At present, mangoes are infested with gold which stings and rots for a long time. The pesticide used to control it is very harmful. Similarly, the insecticide called Corrosion used in eggplant crop is very harmful to the human body. The amount of powder given for the control of the root in such crops is also found in the oil obtained from it in the laboratory.
Residues of pesticides in export oriented crops
Various farms exported from Indea Products include cotton, mangoes, grapes, bananas, peppers, May include chillies, chillies, etc. This
Their analysis before exporting farm products It is important to know the amount of pesticides used. In such crops maintaining the interval between sprinkling and sloping. Comes and adopts integrated pest management. If so, this kind of question can be solved to a large extent. There is currently a very popular good farming approach. In export oriented agricultural products if adopted Residual questions of pesticides can be avoided.
Excessive use of pesticides, spraying and Inadequate interval between harvests, recommended More and more frequent use of pesticides and counterfeiting Use of pesticides.
Reducing pesticide residues as well as side effects Remedies for
- Farmers bring vegetables to market First wash with clean water. because. Disinfectants by washing vegetables with clean water Residues decrease. Residues decrease. More in proportions smooth surface vegetables Absorbent type pesticides Than the remnants of tangent disinfectants A way to wash with clean water to minimize Effective.1 hour after spraying Of different drugs by washing the samples taken Reduction of residues in different vegetables The proportion was 20 to 70 percent, while on the fifth day. The reduction rate from washing the samples is 15 to 68 .Percent. Thus fresh vegetables have a higher rate of pesticide reduction.
- Agricultural Chemistry Recommended by the University of Agriculture Appropriate amount as required Use only. Vegetables in any case Do not use monocrotaphos in crops.
- Do not harm predators and parasites Do not use such agrochemicals.
- Lemongrass is a herbicide And the manufacture of lemon oil, corn oil, Custard bean powder, mint leaf powder Etc.
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