Hydroponics farming has proved to be a blessing in disguise with less land and heterogeneous environmental conditions. Today even the uneducated farmers of the world are becoming economically prosperous by adopting the hydroponics farming method.
Global trends in livestock production show that the use of livestock products has been growing rapidly and widely. It is estimated that in the coming days, the use of pesticides in developing countries like India will increase by about 4.5 per cent. It can be said to be the backbone of Indian agriculture which contributes about 5 per cent to the national GDP.
Rural areas are an important source of employment and livelihood for 70% of the population. Hundhan contributes about 12 per cent to the total household income in rural India and animal husbandry is especially important in the lives of small and marginal farmers as well as landless individuals. Increasing milk productivity per animal despite production is a major challenge.
This challenge can also be attributed to the fact that our India does not produce enough hay due to its seasonal climate. There are many areas where there is not enough water for grazing and hydroponics can be produced to feed our cattle for more milk production.
Milk-productivity of dairy cattle in India averages 1200 kg per animal per year, which is much lower than the average milk productivity of the world, and low yield and scarcity of green and dry weeds are the main reasons for this poor productivity. The cost of greenery is about 30-35 per cent. Therefore, it can be said that for the economic and sustainable development of dairy farming, it is very important for the milch cattle to get adequate nutrition of quality greenery. Indian pasture land and fodder. According to the Vision 2050 document of the research institute, the demand for green and dry grass will reach 1012 and 631 million tons by the year 2050 respectively.
At present, the country consumes an estimated 65 per cent of the greenery and 25 per cent of the fodder due to declining grazing land and many other factors due to urbanization. And given the current declining resource growth fears, this food will also be around 18.4 per cent and 13.2 per cent by 2050, respectively.
There is an urgent need for alternative and immediate arrangements and techniques for pastoralists to cultivate vegetables continuously. Amid rising grass production costs and declining natural resources due to high labor rates and scarcity of irrigation, many innovative sustainable technologies are being researched as an alternative to the traditional method of coping with green sugar. Under which, four production methods by hydroponics are very much in discussion nowadays.
This hydroponics technique is being seen as an agricultural revolution in solving all weed related problems. It can also be said that this technology of hydroponic four production will be the major aspect of the future for the pastoralists.
What is Hydroponics Greenery ??
Hydroponics greens can be called sorghum in simple language. That the soil is grown without soil in normal water or in a water solution containing nutrients that the plant needs. Hydroponic fodder is also known by other names such as Fresh Fodder Biscuit, Sprouted Fodder, Sprouted Four Seeds or Alphaculture. In order to maintain the milk production and fertility of the cattle during the season, the cattle were given sprouted grains in rows.
Progressive pastoralists in the Middle East, Africa and some countries in Asia who are interested in green fodder shortages are showing interest in the hydroponic grass method.
Hydropink greens can usually be grown in large state-of-the-art and automated systems under atmospheric control or in low-cost systems where there is a favorable environment for four products.
According to most research reports, hydroponic fodder production may be more favorable in arid-drought and drought-prone regions, where there is water scarcity or in areas where there is no strong irrigation structure. It is possible to feed the vegetables grown in this way to sheep, goats and other dairy animals.
Advantages of hydroponic fodder system
Discussions about the following advantages of hydroponic fodder method in publications related to hydroponic fodder production by various organizations seem to be all-encompassing.
- This technique is advantageous when compared with conventional fodder production as it can control the atmospheric conditions as well as the nutrients required for seed germination.
- Conventional green hydroponic fodder contains nutrients such as vitamins, proteins, enzymes, etc.
- The production of this fodder saves labor water and time.
- One kilogram of fodder seed 6-8 kg of green fodder is produced in just 7-9 days.