The process of making vermicompost is very simple. Videos for vermicompost will be easily loaded into your language from YouTube. After the creation of the earth, with the evolution of many kinds of organisms also came into being, including a worm. So far different types of earthworms 3000 species were observed. 503 in India Gender reported. Worms, according to Darwin The farmer has a plow.
In the form available in the native region of the plant Unprecedented overwhelming task of delivering nutrients Worms do. Dr. According to Barrett’s observation, the worm, which looks like a palm-dead body without mold formation, attracts our attention with its movements. Culture is full of wonders. Nature has a constant cycle. Aristotle called the earthworm the gut of the earth.
Worms are usually 15 cm long Which is from a few millimeters to 1 meter Has length. Worms are bisexual Male and female organs are located in the same earthworm Which acts as male and female.Breathes through the pores above the body surface.Becomes aware of the tremors in the ground Lays 15 to 20 eggs depending on the species. Study of growth More than 1000 worms 2,000 per day in a conducive environment and At the end of 12 months, it becomes 8,33,000 Its lifespan is 8 to 10 years Divide the worms into three parts according to their habit of living Can be shared.
There are three types of earthworms.
(1)Epigeic living above ground.Surface and vegetation Cochineal debris and animal dung / fecal eater. This type of earthworm compost For which used to create Isinia photida worms are excellent.
(2)Anecic soils living below ground.Living on the surface and with organic matter.The eater Eudrilus Jrgen.
(3)Endogeic that live very deep in the soil.Periomicus sexaveats.
Selecting earthworms for vermicompost
The choice of earthworm for vermicompost is very important. Its choice is very important.As seen above, two types of earthworms can be used:
1. Enegic: a person who lives underground and eats organic matter.
2.Apic:living above ground.Surface and vegetation Cochineal debris and animal dung / fecal eater. This type of earthworm compost For which used to create Isinia photida worms are excellent.
Worms reproduce both male and female Has organs. Adult earthworms every 15 to 20 days.Lays eggs. It looks like a sack that encloses with a drawstring Is.Which is called Kakun.From it the chicks are prepared.The life span of earthworms is 8 to 10 months.
Pukkhat earthworms weigh about 1 gram. Worms do not need sleep or rest. They eat only soil or organic matter. They eat twice as much food as their weight.The part of which is used for its own development and the rest which is left out in the form of material is called vermicompost.The worms are in the form of humus.
Method of making vermicompost
It costs very little to make vermicompost and every farmer has it on the farm.A porch or shed is needed to set up a vermicompost plant.Doing so can keep the sun away from rain etc. and also do not make it in a place where rain water is filled. You can use iron or wooden poles as per your convenience. To cover it up we can use the carpets used in the wedding pavilion which we get from the very cheap old ones.The porch above is naturally more beneficial if built in the shade of trees.
Make a layer of bricks half a foot deep inside the shed. After the same work, put a layer of sand about 10-15 cm on it and take the soil to a good soil and also level it.Once these three levels are ready, do the following three important things.
First layer: grass, grain above the vermi bed.Crops leaves and cane leaves are spread on it.Residues of various organic substances resistant to decomposition.Make small pieces, mix, about 10 cm. No Coating as well as steeping the residue completely.How to keep manure rubbing and water dripping.
Second layer: semi-coated compost, manure,Sludge, poultry manure about 5 cm.Be sure to spray water with coating.
Third level: Worm planting: Both the previous ones.Levels regularly for about a dozen days as needed.The whole unit gets wet but the water does not flow.Steep Approximately 50 of the weight of the remains.To maintain 90% humidity. So as to remove the heat of decomposition Will be done. Then 100 worms are introduced per meter.To do or to leave a cocoon (earthworm egg).
Level 4: Household vegetable residue,Garden waste 4 Crops 4 Weeds 4 Trees / Shrubs green.Mixed with residues (pulses, Glyricidia 4 Subabul).Curry 10 cm. No coating. Dung gas rubbish Or rubbing manure in water as required Making shades.
Level 5: Very light white Laying the soil (without chikash). More in the summer.Cover of crop residues etc. on hot days
Sprinkle a light amount of water daily To do. Sprinkle twice on hot days. drip.If we arrange the system tubes or microsprinkler
Stay more flexible. Not water to earthworms but Humidity is required. Therefore, proper amount of moisture and
Worms by maintaining a temperature of 200 to 300 c Will be able to work to the maximum. Half as required
Adding and mixing compost, green residue etc. To live.
Benefits of vermicompost
vermicompost:Worms are the natural plow of the farmer which is continuous.Remains employed in the ground.As a result many in the ground Holes fall into the ground to circulate air, water Receptive, beneficial in drainage.Organic Disruptive exchange power of matter C.E.C.Increasing soil nutrient retention increases.The acidity of the soil becomes normal and beneficial
The number and activity of germs increases.
Plant roots in this hole as well as in the soil.Develops easily to deep. Worms Oxygen is excreted in the excreta as well as the main and So that the secondary nutrients are in balanced proportions.Plants grow faster. Good plant roots Scientists’ observations on evolution show that.The wall of the hole made by the earthworm on which.For vermicasting and mucus plant roots.Provides a nutrient rich medium. In addition and Gibberellin type growth regulators which plant growth.
Is responsible for. In addition the breakdown of organic matter.Meanwhile producing a specific type of substance in the interval
Happens. See the exact kind of effect on the plants.Get E.g. Thiamine, riboflavin, biotin,.Nicotinic acid, pyrifoxin and B-12
Parasites whose growth is increased by being absorbed by plants.Bacterial ticks, actinomycetes or fungi are found.Tree potophane is used by growth hormones.Amino acids are converted into indole acetic acid.Growth-producing substances are produced. Of lignin Plants that absorb interstitial substances.Can withstand water deficiency well. Cinemaile Alcohol, cinemaldehyde, vanillin, ethyl Valinate and eugenol for dry, ocher or rot diseases.Inhibits growth. Thus the immunity of the plant
Is higher. Using earthworms Infestation of worms by growth of some parasitic fungiDecreases In addition the germs in vermicost / compost.Disease control as it produces antibiotics Happens.
To make good and fast vermicompost 200 to 400 sec It is necessary to have a temperature.Worms have a low temperature of 30C in the new environment.Lives up to temperature but efficiently.Can’t work 200 cm during vermicompost.Increase in temperature due to decomposition of organic waste Possible. In making vermicompost to prevent this from happening.Don’t overcook it.
The opening should be filled so as not to overheat.Can be prevented from occurring. As well as proper watering.Sprinkle with appropriate moisture as mentioned above.Maintaining the temperature can be controlled.Adequate humidity, pH. And maintaining temperature.Come and the right kind of earthworm, its number.As well as providing him with a balanced diet
The production of vermicompost can be made profitable.
Production cost of vermicompost
The production cost of vermicompost varies from 5 to 6 units per unit. If we increase the length and width of the unit, the cost does not make much difference. The project also earns good money by setting up many farmers for trade.